western australia drought
"But the lack of a major north-west feed [of moisture] is connected to sea surface temperatures in the Indian Ocean not being as warm as they were in 2016, for example.". The agricultural industry is the most sensitive to drought and desertification, and therefore it is important that the country invests in sustainable land management practices; including: Planting more trees, and preventing over-clearing, could be vital for decreasing the occurrence of drought. Rain over the past few weeks in Western Australia has eased drought conditions there although some areas, particularly east of Albany in the state's south, remain dry. In July 2017,  information days were held to advise agribusiness on supporting sheep farmers through the dry season. "We can say that there has been a decline in rainfall over almost the past 50 years. The IPA programme currently protects almost 70 million hectares. Managing sheep in  dry spring: for agribusiness professionals event was held in Kojonup, Geraldton and Perth in 2017. 2019 marks the 25th anniversary of the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD). Phone: (+618) 9468 0338 Accessed May 28, 2019. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-02-26/100-years-of-drought/5282030. April 26. 2019. "During the summer, you're often looking at a feed of tropical moisture, when you get moisture feeding in from the tropical monsoon coming south," he said. Carrington, Damian. Drought areas in parts of the southern coast of Western Australia and southwestern South Australia have expanded this year, and the regions may face a difficult spring and summer. The Bureau of Meteorology is forecasting that winter is likely to be drier than average in south-east Australia and parts of WA, particularly in June. "Since the start of this year, the dry conditions have spread to cover most inland parts of the state.". Accessed May 28, 2019. https://www.agric.wa.gov.au/drought-and-dry-seasons/evolution-drought-policy-western-australia?nopaging=1. Strategies used by the Rangers to combat land degradation and desertification include traditional fire management, freshwater & waterhole management, rehabilitation and control of invasive species and feral animals. How to fight desertification and drought at home and away. La Nina and El Nino coditios continue to deteriorate. ABC News. Pickup, G. 1998. Grazing or feeding in native vegetation in the south-west of Western Australia should not be done except as a last resort. The programme has been recognised by the United Nations and awarded a Bronze Future Policy award in 2017 (United Nations Association of Australia 2017). Desertification and drought are closely related, and measures to address one will help combat the effects of the other. 2017. Dr Trewin said the east coast lows tended to be random. Voters are heading to the polls on Queensland election day. "That means that frontal systems that would normally start affecting southern Australia more generally during the winter are instead mostly passing south of the continent, really only affecting Tasmania and perhaps southern Victoria.". Long-term records show that our climate is becoming warmer and drier. "If we look at the cool season, we can see that the Murray Darling Basin has quite an unusual declining trend in rainfall for the past 30 years.". 2019. The current dry is not as extensive as the long-term droughts of the past. By 2003, the Millennium drought was recognised as the worst on record. 2018. The only autumn on record drier than this one in southern Australia was in 1902, the year the Federation drought peaked, the Boer War ended, and women got the right to vote in New South Wales and federal elections. Soil Acidity – Excess nitrogen being released into soils through the use of fertilisers, creating acidic soils that affect plant growth. There had been a number of years of below average rainfall across most of Australia before the drought. Weebly. Accessed May 24, 2019. https://theconversation.com/how-to-fight-desertification-and-drought-at-home-and-away-98568. Approximately half of the world’s livestock and a third of its crops are farmed in dryland regions, despite the connotations of sparse life often associated with the term drylands or arid (Carrington 2010). The Indigenous Protected Areas (IPAs) program, in conjunction with the Working on Country Indigenous Ranger Programme, is one of the leading initiatives addressing environmental degradation in Australia. There also haven't been any major feeds of Indian Ocean moisture from the north-west approaching fronts or east coast lows in the affected regions. Accessed May 27, 2019. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2010/dec/16/desertification-climate-change. Studies of Southeast Australia’s forests and woodlands found a link between clearing and an increase in temperature and reduction in rainfall (Blanch and Morris 2018). Western Australia's climate has changed over the last century, particularly over the last 50 years. There was concern about Sydney's water supply. Land degradation has also occurred in areas outside of commercial grazing lands, where feral animals thrive, and land has been cleared (Pickup 1998). "There was an event in March which produced a lot of rain on the coast from about Newcastle northwards. Desertification is greatest threat to planet, expert warns. Sustainable Land Management is key to preventing and re-establishing land affected at risk of desertification. During the Federation drought, the Darling River virtually ran dry at Bourke in NSW, and the Australian wheat crop was all but lost. Accessed May 27, 2019. https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/research-topic/desertification-and-drought. The precipitation cycle, taught to us as kids, shows trees absorbing water from deep in the ground and releasing it back into the atmosphere as vapour to form rainclouds. Dr Trewin said the dry conditions were due to what hadn't been happening, rather than what had. Ms Freud said she had been looking at 30 and 50 year trends in warm and cool season rainfall, going back 400 years. United Nations. A low pressure centre deepened along a trough over south-east Western Australia, and moved into western South Australia, producing a cloud band and moderate falls in south-east Western Australia, southern and eastern parts of South Australia, and triggered storms through parts of the Northern Territory and western Queensland.

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