moldova country code
In August 1939, the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact and its secret additional protocol were signed, by which Nazi Germany recognized Bessarabia as being within the Soviet sphere of influence, which led the latter to actively revive its claim to the region. In August 2013, work began on a new pipeline between Moldova and Romania that may eventually break Russia's monopoly on Moldova's gas supplies. The country's cultural heritage was marked by numerous churches and monasteries built by the Moldavian ruler Stephen the Great in the 15th century, by the works of the later renaissance Metropolitans Varlaam and Dosoftei, and those of scholars such as Grigore Ureche, Miron Costin, Nicolae Milescu, Dimitrie Cantemir[c] and Ion Neculce. The gross average monthly salary in the Republic of Moldova has registered a steady positive growth after 1999, being 5906 lei or 298 euros in 2018. The country code for Moldova is +373. [87] The country reported its first death from the disease on 18 March, a date on which the total number of cases reached 30. The 1991 Declaration of Independence names the official language Romanian. Most of the Moldovan territory was a part of the Principality of Moldavia from the 14th century until 1812, when it was ceded to the Russian Empire by the Ottoman Empire (to which Moldavia was a vassal state) and became known as Bessarabia. The Moldovan armed forces consist of the Ground Forces and Air Force. The Giurgiulești terminal on the Danube is compatible with small seagoing vessels. The territory of Moldova east of the river Dniester is split between parts of the Podolian Plateau, and parts of the Eurasian Steppe. After the Romanian army occupied the region in early January at the request of the National Council, Bessarabia proclaimed independence from Russia on February 6 [O.S. [175] Almost all the population is literate: the literacy rate of the population aged 15 and over is estimated at 99.4% (as of 2015[update]). Moldova is located in Europe and uses Leu. [65] The motives behind this move were fear of the rise of nationalism in Moldova. [187], The percentage of adults (aged 15–49) living with HIV/AIDS was estimated in 2009 at 0.40%. Although only 4.1% are ethnic Russians, Russian is still used as the main language by 14.5% of the total population. [citation needed], Despite a sharp decline in poverty in recent years, Moldova remains one of the poorest countries in Europe and structural reforms are needed to promote sustainable growth. harvnb error: no target: CITEREFJackson2009 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSălăgean2005 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSpinei1986 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFVásáry2005 (, Cristina Petrescu, "Contrasting/Conflicting Identities:Bessarabians, Romanians, Moldovans" in, Andrew Higgins, "In Expanding Russian Influence, Faith Combines With Firepower,", compelled to cede Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Commission for the Study of the Communist Dictatorship in Moldova, Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic, Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova, Parliament failed to elect a new president, Commission for constitutional reform in Moldova, Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine, Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, UN Special Rapporteur on freedom of religion or belief, International Union for Conservation of Nature, Learn how and when to remove this template message, sand­wich­ing of text between two im­ages, Moldovan Intelligence and Security Service, "Chișinău Recognizes Romanian As Official Language", "Moldova: Romanian Recognized as the Official Language", "The text of the Declaration of Independence prevails over the text of the Constitution", "Игорь Додон // Русский язык должен вернуться в Молдову", "Додон готов изменить статус русского языка в Молдавии в случае воссоединения с Приднестровьем", "Русский союз Латвии будет сотрудничать с партией Социалистов Молдовы",,, "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency",, "The End of the Soviet Union; Text of Accords by Former Soviet Republics Setting Up a Commonwealth", "GEOARCHAEOLOGY OF THE EARLIEST PALEOLITHIC SITES (OLDOWAN) IN THE NORTH CAUCASUS AND THE EAST EUROPE", "Phase and chemical composition analysis of pigments used in Cucuteni Neolithic painted ceramics", "Cetatea Soroca a Moldovei (1499 – prezent)", Letopiseţul ţărâi Moldovei, de când s-au descălecat ţara, "Bessarabia, Chapter X: The Survival of Roumanian", "Bessarabia, Chapter VIII: Russia Organizes the Province". It is a member state of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the World Trade Organization (WTO), the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development, the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation (BSEC). The government entered into agreements with the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to promote growth. The Soviet Army re-captured the region in February–August 1944, and re-established the Moldavian SSR. Moldova's dependence on Russian energy is underscored by a growing US$5 billion debt to Russian natural gas supplier Gazprom, largely the result of unreimbursed natural gas consumption in the separatist Transnistria region. Through cable, Moldovan viewers can receive a large number of Russian channels, a few Romanian channels, and several Russian language versions of international channels in addition to several local channels. The lands which currently compose Moldova within Bulgarian Empire under Ivan Asen II. EUBAM assists the Moldovan and Ukrainian governments in approximating their border and customs procedures to EU standards and offers support in both countries' fight against cross-border crime. Anisjutkin discovered Oldowan flint tools at Bayraki that are 800,000–1.2 million years old. The implementation of structural reforms outlined in the National Development Strategy (NDS) Moldova 2020—especially in the business environment, physical infrastructure, and human resources development areas—would help boost potential growth and reduce poverty. The number of mobile telephone users in Moldova increased by 47.3% in the first quarter of 2008 against the last year and exceeded 2.89 million. How to Call Moldova form USA and how to Call Moldova internationally using mobile and landline phone. Moldova is divided into 32 districts (raioane, singular raion), three municipalities and two autonomous regions (Gagauzia and Transnistria). On 23 December 1994, the Parliament of Moldova adopted a "Law on the Special Legal Status of Gagauzia", and in 1995 the latter was constituted. The Metropolis of Chișinău and All Moldova, autonomous and subordinated to the Russian Orthodox Church, and the Metropolis of Bessarabia, autonomous and subordinated to the Romanian Orthodox Church, both claim to be the national church of the country. The strip of the Moldovan territory on the east bank of the Dniester has been under the de facto control of the breakaway government of Transnistria since 1990. [93], In September 2010, the European Parliament approved a grant of €90 million to Moldova. each country has his owm number to identify this area. On 27 August 1989, the FPM organized a mass demonstration in Chișinău that became known as the Grand National Assembly. The decision was disputed by Soviet Russia, which in 1924 established, within the Ukrainian SSR, a Moldavian autonomous republic (MASSR) on partially Moldovan-inhabited territories to the east of Bessarabia. Carla's Dreams reached the top charts in multiple countries in Europe with the release of their song "Sub Pielea Mea" in 2016. The country-code TLD (Top Level Domain) of Moldova is .md, for example www.Moldova-domain, Stinga Nistrului, unitatea teritoriala din. Historian Strabo referred to the saigas as the kolos, describing it as "between the deer and ram in size" which (understandably but wrongly) was believed to drink through its nose. The assembly pressured the authorities of the Moldavian SSR to adopt a language law on 31 August 1989 that proclaimed the Moldovan language written in the Latin script to be the state language of the MSSR. In 2000, the Constitution was amended, transforming Moldova into a parliamentary republic, with the president being chosen through indirect election rather than direct popular vote. The song received a lot of airplay and reached number one place on the charts in Moldova as well as Russia. [188], Emigration is a mass phenomenon in Moldova and has a major impact on the country's demographics and economy. At the end of 2005 EUBAM, the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine, was established at the joint request of the presidents of Moldova and Ukraine. In May 2007, Natalia Barbu represented Moldova in Helsinki at the Eurovision Song Contest 2007 with her entry "Fight". Plans for a union with Romania were abandoned,[65] and the new Constitution gave autonomy to the breakaway Transnistria and Gagauzia. [159], According to the last census in Transnistria (October 2015), the population of the region was 475,665, a 14.3% decrease from the figure recorded at the 2004 census. It has around 3 556 397 inhabitants, 1 206 000 landlines and 4 080 000 cell phone users. [82] However, on 8 June, the NOW Platform DA and PAS reached an agreement with the Socialist party forming a government led by Maia Sandu as the new prime minister, pushing the Democratic Party out of power. [60][61] In 1946–1947, at least 216,000 deaths and about 350,000 cases of dystrophy were accounted by historians in the Moldavian SSR alone.


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